Proteins are the end product of DNA activity. These molecules carry out most operations necessary for cellular health: communication of messages, transportation and transformation of nutritional substances in order to produce energy.
The production of a protein molecule always starts with the identification of the gene holding the blueprint for the desired protein. An enzyme tasked exclusively with this mission opens up the DNA like one would a zipper; another group of enzymes divides the DNA strands into two. Another enzyme travels along the strands and quickly reads through the code; it will now copy the DNA. Once duplication is complete, this group of enzymes will reconnect the DNA and bring it back to its initial state. The copy made from the DNA is called “messenger RNA”. This messenger RNA contains the production blueprint for the protein which the cell requires at that exact moment.
There are two kinds of proteins: so-called “structural” proteins which constitute the structure for all of the body’s tissues, and so-called “functional” proteins which ensure its proper operation. They can be regulatory proteins like insulin, defensive proteins like antibodies, or enzymes performing many different duties.
In order to synthesize all of these proteins, our body needs to obtain the building blocks with which to make them: amino acids. Food is our main source of amino acids.
Our cells are essentially an arrangement of protein blocks. Our body requires more than 100,000 different types of proteins in order to function properly. Each protein is a chain of amino acid molecules, similar to a string of interlocking plastic beads (Bruce Lipton). Each bead represents one of the twenty amino acid molecules used by cells. This structure is very flexible and can fold into a multitude of shapes. The flexible connections between the amino acids are called “peptide bonds” and can twist, flex, and even fold. This is due to the interaction of the electromagnetic charges of each amino acid: those with same-sign charges will repel each other and those with opposite-sign charges will attract each other! Certain proteins are so long that they need a special “chaperone” protein in order to fold. Proteins are constantly “moving” and their final form is a reflection of a stable state among all of their electromagnetic charges. If these charges are modified, however, the molecule will twist itself again until it reaches electromagnetic stability.
When a protein comes into contact with a molecule with a corresponding build, it will link to it, like a gear in a handmade watch. The cells take advantage of these protein gears’ movement to ensure specific metabolic functions. This constant movement of proteins, changing shape thousands of times every second, is what animates every living thing.